Cognitive disorders often begin subtly but progress until they significantly impede the affected individuals quality of life. Cognitive disorders are part of the neurocognitive classification in the DSM-V. They are defined as any disorder that significantly impaired the cognitive function of an individual to the point where normal functioning in society is impossible without treatment.
Some cognitive disorders include:
- Developmental Disorders
- Motor skills disorders
- Substance-induced cognitive impairment
Like most mental disorders, cognitive disorders are caused by a variety of factors. Some are due to hormonal imbalances, others due to genetic predisposition and still others to environmental factors. Common environmental causes of cognitive disorders include a lack of proper nutrients and interaction during vulnerable stages of cognitive development.
Signs of Cognitive Disorders
- Poor motor coordination
- loss of short-term or long-term memory
- Identity confusion
- Impaired judgment